November 25, 2023
New California Law Prohibits Workplace Discrimination for Off-Duty Marijuana Use
The law effectively prohibits testing for THC – the active ingredient in cannabis – because it requires employers to use a test that “do[es] not rely on the presence of nonpsychoactive cannabis metabolites” to determine impairment.
November 7, 2022
State Amends "Youth Bill of Rights" to Give New State Agency Authority to Investigate Officers
Amendments to the Welfare and Institutions Code signed into law late this year by Governor Newsom expand the “Youth Bill of Rights” to give authority to the new Office of Youth and Community Restoration (OYCR) to investigate complaints against peace officers in juvenile facilities.
September 4, 2021
California's Police Decertification Bill Would Strip Probation Officers of Qualified Immunity
On Governor Gavin Newsom’s desk is Senate Bill 2, the California Legislature’s latest attack on peace officers. While the bill is focused on establishing a decertification procedure for officers who are regulated by POST, the bill also seeks to take many statutory immunity protections away from all peace officers in the state, including probation officers. The governor has until October 10, 2021, to sign or veto the bill.
June 15, 2021
U.S. Supreme Court Prohibits Searches of Home Under "Community Caretaking" Doctrine
When police officers in Cranston, Rhode Island seized a suicidal homeowner’s firearms after removing him for a psychiatric evaluation, they set in motion a case that may have significant implications for nationwide changes to community policing in the post-Floyd era. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled last month in Caniglia v. Strom (2021) 141 S. Ct. 1596 that the officers’ entry into the home violated the Fourth Amendment and was not justified by the “community caretaking function” law enforcement officers are often asked to perform...
January 14, 2021
AB 1950 & PROBATION “REFORM”
On September 30, 2020 Governor Gavin Newsom signed into law Assembly Bill 1950, aimed by its sponsors at “changing mass supervision laws” by limiting misdemeanor probation to one year and probation for most felonies to two years. The new law took effect January 1, 2021, but some superior courts and probation departments already have begun extending the law retroactively to shorten existing terms of probation.
December 29, 2020
Public Employers Can Mandate COVID-19 Vaccination But Must Bargain Over Effects of Vaccination Policy
With the arrival of COVID-19 vaccines for mass distribution have come questions about the authority of public safety agencies to require employees to be vaccinated. The federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) this month issued revised guidelines addressing vaccination requirements and exemptions under federal law.
September 4, 2020
UPDATED: California's Pending "Police Reform" Bills
On August 31, 2020, the California Legislature ended its 2020 legislative session. Several of the bills California’s legislators had proposed to implement “police reform” after the death in custody of George Floyd failed, while some key measures passed and are on their way to Governor Newsom’s desk.
August 6, 2020
The Case for Qualified Immunity
The national outcry to strip peace officers of partial immunity from civil liability ignores the reasons why this “qualified immunity” exists, what it does for government officials and the public on the rare occasions it applies, and the consequences of taking it away.
July 30, 2020
The Road to Hell: California's Pending "Police Reform" Bills
California’s legislators have joined in a big way the national bandwagon beating the drum for “police reform” after the death in custody of George Floyd in Minneapolis. Since May 25, 2020, Senate and Assembly members have used “gut-and-amend” procedures to introduce at least nine bills calling for everything from compensation for excessive force to increased civilian oversight to a ban on the use of crowd control devices.
May 6, 2020
Social Media & Peace Officers in the Pandemic Era
In the world before COVID-19, the use of social media by probation peace officers and other public employees in California already carried many risks. The last few years have seen the Legislature, courts and probation departments impose new conditions on employee use of websites, apps, and e-mail for social networking and work-related communications while at the same time increasing the likelihood of public exposure of employee communications and misconduct.
March 31, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact the workplace for probation peace officers. This Client Bulletin addresses the most recent developments at the federal, state and county level and provides links to resources your bargaining unit may find useful to obtain additional information about the rights and responsibilities that apply to you and your labor association during this unprecedented and difficult time.
March 10, 2020
New California Law Supports Local Agency Peer Support Programs
Peer support programs statewide have new liability and confidentiality protections thanks to the “Law Enforcement Peer Support and Crisis Referral Services Program” that became law this January. The new statute, Government Code sections 8669.1-8669.7, supports local agency peer support by providing for training in confidential communications and giving employee organizations a role in designing peer support programs.
March 9, 2020
Appellate Court Upholds Minor’s Cell Phone Search Terms
Probation conditions requiring a minor to submit his electronic devices to a warrantless search recently were upheld by the Sixth District Court of Appeal in a case involving a constitutional challenge to the probation terms. The court held in In re Q.R. (2020) 44 Cal.App.5th 696, that the probation conditions were not constitutionally overbroad given the nature of the minor’s sex-related offenses.
December 6, 2019
California Supreme Court Rules Department Brady Lists May Go to Prosecutors
In yet another blow to longstanding protections in California for peace officer personnel records, the California Supreme Court ruled recently that a law enforcement agency may release its Brady list to prosecutors. (Association for Los Angeles Deputy Sheriffs (ALADS) v. Superior Court (2019) 8 Cal. 5th 28.) The court ruled agencies are not required to comply with Pitchess procedures before releasing the identity of officers on a Brady list when those officers are involved in a pending criminal case.