Safety Resources

29-May-2012

The Physical Hazards of Police Work Revisited

Steven G. Brandl and Meghan S. Stroshine
Police Quarterly 2012 15: 262

This study examines the extent to which injuries to police officers have changed from 1996-1998 to 2006-2008. Data were obtained from injury reports filed by sworn officers of the Milwaukee (Wisconsin) Police Department. Results indicated that the frequency and rate (injury incidents per officer) of officer assaults, other suspect-related injuries, and accidents declined during the study period. While the specification of the reasons for these changes remains a topic for future research, the decline in assaults and suspect-related injuries may well be a function of the increased availability and more routine use of less lethal technology, enhanced training, and the more common use of protective equipment...

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28-Aug-2012

An Incident-Level Profile of Taser Device Deployments in Arrest-Related Deaths

Michael D. White, Justin Ready, Courtney Riggs, Donald M. Dawes, Andrew Hinz and Jeffrey D. Ho
Police Quarterly

While a considerable body of research has investigated the physiological risks associated with the TASER device, much less research attention has been devoted to examining the nearly 400 police–citizen encounters in which a suspect has died after the device was used. As a result, there are numerous unanswered questions regarding officer, suspect, and incident-level characteristics of these arrest-related deaths (ARDs), as well as the extent to which patterns in these characteristics may have changed over time...

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23-Apr-2012

Policy and Training Recommendations Related to Police Use of CEDS: Overview of Findings from a Comprehensive National Study

Geoffrey P. Alpert and Roger G. Dunham
Police Quarterly
The authors report the policy and training recommendation derived from a comprehensive national study that examined conductive energy device (CED) use, resulting injuries, departmental policies and training, and reports from officers, trainers, and suspects, concerning CED incidents. The overall purpose of the national project was to examine CED use from a variety of methods....

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22-May-2012

Force Science Institute Newsletter - May 22, 2012

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
I. Doubts raised about certain reaction-time training exercises
II. New free site offers case-by-case details of Taser court decisions

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23-Apr-2012

Police Use of Force and Officer Injuries: Comparing Conducted Energy Devices (CED) to Hands-And Weapon-Based Tactics

Eugene A. Paoline III, William Terrill and Jason R. Ingram
Police Quarterly - 2012

The widespread adoption of conducted energy devices (CEDs) across American police departments over the last decade has been mired in public controversy. It is generally accepted, from a police perspective, that CEDs are safer for officers who can use the weapon at a greater distance, avoiding much of the harm associated with close physical struggles with citizens. Research has generally supported the notion that aggregate levels of officer injuries are reduced following the implementation of CEDs. Unfortunately, multivariate examinations that, in varying degrees, have attempted to compare CED applications to other forms of force (while controlling for rival causal factors) have yet to produce the same consistent results as the preandpost-CED adoption studies..

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04-May-2012

Force Science Institute Newsletter - May 4, 2012

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
I. What's your experience with controlling bleeding in the field? Take the survey.
II. Wanted: Policies requiring expert review of use-of-force videos
III. Insights from FSN readers

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17-Apr-2012

Force Science Institute Newsletter - April 17, 2012

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute

New! Force Science seeks answers to sudden vehicle stop attacks
Field research on a groundbreaking new study on vehicle stop safety has been completed by the Force Science Institute, with specific pointers on how officers can better protect themselves from sudden shooting attacks expected by the end of summer.


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20-Mar-2012

Force Science Institute Newsletter - March 20, 2012

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
Will Indiana's self-defense measure mean "open season" on cops?

You may have heard of the bill passed recently by the Indiana General Assembly that gives citizens the right to physically resist--even with deadly force--any LEO they "reasonably believe" is unlawfully entering their dwelling or is about to cause them injury.

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16-Mar-2012

Force Science Institute Newsletter - March 16, 2012

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
Hitting our inbox: Readers react to post-OIS recommendations 
The recommendations regarding OIS investigations from police attorney John Hoag to the DOJ's civil rights overseers, which we reported in Force Science News Transmission #199 [3/9/12], has stirred a spirited response from our readers.

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08-Mar-2012

Force Science Institute Newsletter - March 8, 2012

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
I. Police attorney offers "best practices" tips to civil rights overseers
II. New project seeks to "unleash respect" in police subculture

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27-Feb-2012

Force Science Institute Newsletter - February 27, 2012

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Instute
Vascular neck restraint: Reprieve for a bum-rapped technique

For the first time, a scientific research team has used modern technology to confirm just how a vascular neck restraint works to produce unconsciousness. The findings emphatically refute assertions that this valuable control technique is inherently dangerous and potentially lethal.

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12-Feb-2012

Force Science Institute Newsletter - February 12, 2012

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
I. AELE analysis: When force against the mentally disturbed is justified
II. Correction & elaboration on prone positioning study report
III. Full excited delirium report now available free online
IV. How are you keeping the edge as you age? Trainer needs your help
V. University lecture series to honor FSI's Lewinski

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30-Jan-2012

Force Science Institute Newsletter - January 30, 2012

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
I. A first for the Certification Course...and other training notes.
II. Is prone positioning really riskier for suspects? No, says new study
II. New expert report on excited delirium stresses 4-point protocol

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15-Jan-2012

Force Science Institute Newsletter - January 15, 2012

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
In this issue:
I. New study confirms health/safety dangers of LEOs' poor sleep
II. AELE: Beware the legal risks of spreading gory scene photos
III. %$!# the pain: Latest research on the benefit of foul language
IV. Should civilian shooters get the same treatment as OIS survivors?

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27-Dec-2011

New Video Combats Public Myths About Police Shootings: View it Online or on DVD

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute

In a unique production assisted by the Force Science Institute, law enforcement authorities in an Oregon county have created an online video that explains to civilians the realities of officer-involved shootings and counters prevalent myths fostered by Hollywood fantasies.

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16-Dec-2011

Readers React to Court's Limitation on Lawyer Aid after an OIS

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute

Two law enforcement agencies have begun field testing a new screening form that may eventually lead to a better means for identifying people with severe mental illness who may be a danger to themselves or others.

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02-Dec-2011

How Much Help Is Too Much From A Police Attorney After An OIS

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
Should an attorney be allowed to help an officer craft a report on a shooting or other major
use of force?

In a case that grew out of 2 controversial fatal shootings by police, an appeals court in
Canada has emphatically said "No."

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18-Nov-2011

New Checklist Being Tested To Help Cops Respond To People With Mental Illness

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute

Two law enforcement agencies have begun field testing a new screening form that may eventually lead to a better means for identifying people with severe mental illness who may be a danger to themselves or others.

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05-Nov-2011

What's Next After A Shooting? Force Science-Based Trio Share Their Recommendations

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
After an OIS:
  • What 12 questions should an officer answer at the scene?
  • Besides wound treatment, what critical benefits does he or she gain from prompt
  • transport to a medical facility?
  • What does an agency gain by encouraging an officer to have independent legal counsel
  • before a detailed statement is taken?
  • What question do cops most want answered when the smoke clears?
These are just a few of the procedural issues addressed late last month at the annual IACP conference in Chicago during a fast-paced, 2-hour presentation called "Chief, I've Been in a Shooting: What Happens Next?"

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26-Oct-2011

5 Tips For Officers InUse-Of-Force Intervews

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute

In Force Science News #188 [Click here to read it], Dr. Ed Geiselman, an internationally recognized authority on interviewing techniques, offered 5 critical reminders for investigators on how to elicit accurate and comprehensive statements from involved officers and eyewitnesses in OISs and other use-of-force cases

But what it you're an involved officer being questioned by an investigator who doesn't understand or adhere to these "best practices" for fair and impartial interviewing? What canyou do to protect yourself from bias or ineptitude on the part of your questioner?

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07-Oct-2011

Overcoming The "Achilles Heel" Of Use-Of-Force Investigations

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute

As an expert in interviewing skills, Dr. Ed Geiselman has seen the good, the bad, and the  ugly when it comes to officers being questioned by investigators after use-of-force events.

Recently he was asked to review transcripts and audio recordings of interviews in cases  where LEOs' jobs were on the line because of allegedly inappropriate force. In each he concluded that poor interviewing techniques had hampered the officers in their efforts to explain their actions adequately. One interview, he told Force Science News, was the worst he'd come across in his 28 years of working with law enforcement.

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08-Sep-2011

Pausing A Moment

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute

On the 10th anniversary of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 we stand with the millions worldwide who pause not only to remember the horror of that day and the pain of shocking loss, but to salute those who, even in the face of tremendous risk, selflessly committed themselves to helping the helpless and to those who immediately stepped forward in defense of our country. In the midst of chaos they stood as an inspiration to us all. A decade later, we have not forgotten. We never will.

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26-Aug-2011

Cops Not Guilty Of Unreasonable Force In Mistaken Killing Of Child Hostage: Appeals Court

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute

An internationally publicized case of a tragic shooting in which Force Science testimony was given has been decided by a California appellate court in favor of the involved officers.

Controversial from the beginning, the headline-grabbing case concerned a tense standoff between LAPD SWAT and a drug-deranged father who was holding his 19-month-old daughter in his arm as a hostage and human shield. In a desperate showdown, officers killed the offender in a fusillade of bullets--but also, inadvertently, killed the child.

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13-Aug-2011

Should ER Docs Be Required To Report Suspected Cases Of Police Brutality? Controversy Flares Over What's Needed

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute

A resounding clash between researchers has erupted over the question of whether emergency room doctors should report suspected cases of excessive force by LEOs. On one hand are American researchers--MDs and PhDs--who argue that in the interest of "violence prevention" ER physicians should notify Internal Affairs investigators whenever they see a patient whose injuries may be the result of "police abuse."

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02-Aug-2011

Recent Developments In Pos-OIS Procedures: Tales Of 3 Cities

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
Recent developments in post-OIS procedures: Tales of 3 cities

1. Chicago officers win right to 24-hr. "grace period"

An arbitrator has ruled that Chicago officers involved in shootings can wait at least 24 hours before having to give a recorded statement to investigators from the municipal agency that reviews police shootings.

The decision resulted from a grievance filed by Chicago Lodge 7 of the Fraternal Order of Police against the city's Independent Police Review Authority. That civilian agency investigates all Chicago PD shootings, as well as complaints of officer misconduct, and makes recommendations for "appropriate disciplinary action" to the police superintendent if violations of departmental rules and regulations are found.

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15-Jul-2011

Experience Speaks: Your Thoughts On Stemming The Grim KIA Tide

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute

Just a head's up: The Force Science Certification Course scheduled for Dec. 5-9 in San Jose, CA is nearing capacity. Less than 10 seats remain. Click here for details on the course and instructions for registering, or visit www.forcescience.org/2011certification.pdf

In this edition:

I. Experience speaks: Yours thoughts on stemming the grim KIA tide


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05-Jul-2011

As Police Deaths Mount, What Can You Do Now To Stay Safe?

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
It's a bloody year for cops so far.

At the end of June, total duty-related fatalities in the U.S. are up 8% compared to the same time last year, according to preliminary figures from the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund. Officer murders from gunfire are spiking an alarming 38% increase. If trends hold through the second half of the year, we could see the worst annual toll in a decade.

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17-Jun-2011

Force Science Institute Newsletter - June 17, 2011

Chuck Remsberg, Editor-in-Chief
Force Science Institute
In this edition:

I. "Current training may leave officers more vulnerable": Early highlights from forthcoming
FSI assessment project
II. New nat'l reports underscore Taser safety for cops, suspects alike
III. Survivors speak: A different view on police suicide
IV. Long working hours again tied to heart disease in latest study
V. Verbal Judo founder Dr. George Thompson dies at 69
VI. Additional clarification on reaction-time study

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22-Jan-2014

Self-Defense Pistol 101

Richard Mann
American Rifleman - July 2011

Using a handgun to defend your life requires more than just familiarity with the firearm – it demands a concerted effort to practice the skills necessary to use it and its accessories under stress. Follow this former police trainer's five practical drills beforehand, and you'll be better prepared when a worst-case scenario occurs..

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16-Aug-2010

Injuries To Officers And Suspects In Police Use-Of-Force Cases: A QUASI-Experimental Evaluation

Bruce Taylor and Daniel J. Woods
Police Quarterly 2010 13: 260

The Conducted Energy Device (CED) weapon holds the potential to reduce injuries for officers/suspects. However, the dearth of research on CEDs makes it difficult to make informed decisions about its deployment. We conducted a quasi experiment to compare 4 years of data from seven law enforcement agencies (LEAs) with CED deployment with six matched LEAs without CED deployment. Compared with non- CED sites, CED sites had lower rates of officer injuries, suspect severe injuries, and officers and suspects receiving injuries requiring medical attention. Our results suggest that CEDs can be effective in helping minimize physical struggles and resulting injuries in use-of-force cases...

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01-Nov-2004

Telling The Truth: About Police Shootings

The Police Marksman - Charles Remsberg
November / December 2004
There is an illusion that we see everything and see it clearly. Actually we have good vision only within five to seven degrees of the center of the eye. Complicating this, most shootings occur when our vision is poorest – at night or in lowlight surroundings.

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01-Nov-2002

Time To Start Shooting? Time To Stop Shooting? The Tempe Study

Bill Lewinski, Ph.D. and Dr. Bill Hudson
The Police Marksman - September / October 2003
The concepts addressed in this study are critical for officers to understand, especially those who are consulted by prosecuting attorneys or go before grand juries as firearms experts...

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01-Nov-2002

Biomechanics Of Lethal Force Encounters - Officer Movements

Bill Lewinski, Ph.D
The Police Marksman - November / December 2002
It is my intent to investigate the dynamics and biomechanics (the mechanics of biological and muscular activity) that occur in officer-involved shootings in a series of research studies. The first of the series started with measuring subject behavior in shooting situations...

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01-May-2002

Stress Reaction: Related To Lethal Force Encounters

Bill Lewinski, Ph.D.
The Police Marksman May/June 2002
The purpose of this article is to help officers who have been or may become involved in a lethal force encounter to understand what might happen and why...

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01-May-2002

What You Need To Tell The Prosector In YOur Next Use-Of-Force Case

Joe Wegg
The Police Marksman - May/June 2002
It seems we're bombarded daily with headlines of another police-involved shooting. I'd bet that you've all talked with your fellow officers about the consequences of getting into a shooting. The consequences of all police-involved shootings are tremendous – it doesn't take your standard police sensitivity class to understand why...

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01-Nov-2002

Why Is The Suspect Shot In The Back? Finally, Hard Data On How Fast The Suspect Can Be - In 11 Different Shooting Scenarios

Bill Lewinski, Ph.D.
The Police Marksman - November / December 2000
We have always known that generally action beats reaction. And, we've been able to demonstrate this in a variety of civilian and law enforcement situations. Since the invention of the shot timer, we've known how quickly officers can react in shooting situations...

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01-Sep-1999

The Suspect Is Shot In The Back: Is Your Shooting Clean? Understanding The Limits Of Survival Psychology

Bill Lewinski, Ph.D.
The Police Marksman - September / October 1999
...We know that in many police shooting, officers will reenact the details of their shooting in their minds over and over again. In their reports and their testimony afterward, they will swear (under oath) that the suspect, while turning toward them, was pointing what they perceived to be a gun in the direction..

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